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Saakashvili is out of his league: “the Circassian factor” of Sochi Olympics

Before writing about the issues, which more or less concern the interests of the “minor” nations, it is necessary to think clearly of the fact how one should reasonably represent its opinion and at that without being accused of great power chauvinism. Then one should start with making an apology to the representatives of the minor ethnos: I would like that you forgave me if I touch upon your national consciousness. And then it is necessary carefully to choose words and expressions, in order this national consciousness wouldn’t be touched upon unintentionally after all.

Indeed: one may tongue-hash the Russians, the Americans, the French or the Japanese as much as the one wishes – the reaction will be the same: from the sphere of the proverb about the caravan, which continues to move, despite its accompanying with any sound effects. But the less there are representatives in that or another ethnos, the worse they conceive any statement towards their address. And here is a word “negro” becomes not politically correct, the Bretons or the Savonians disassociate themselves from the French, and the Ainu distant themselves from the entire citizens of the country of the rising sun.
Russia here is totally in a special position. Well, we have such fate here, to be in special position high and low …

A quarter of century ago we have declared the pride that the representatives of 120 nations live on sixth of part of land – they live in peace and harmony. Today we understand that the rooting power of this peace the Russian nation was, and to be more precise, the non-national society of people that were at the position of Russian centering idea. And only the centering idea cracked the centrifugal chaos had started. The relatively mono-national territories which come off themselves from the Union – it can be considered as proper the fairness of this flow of things can be opposed, however the process has at least any logics. But the splash of nationalism of the minor people, whose amount is about dozens thousand people – this fact can be hardly explained reasonably, it is exclusively at the level of emotions.

There now the time for reverences has come.

My deepest belief is that the division of nations by “large” and “minor” ones isn’t fair in itself. Inherently, every nation is unique and unmatched, per its history, per place in the ethnic pallet of the land creation. It is entity. However other entity exists. Other sustained patterns and chunks of language were formed in our language, which determine that or another entity. And this chunk of language bears the information load exclusively; the one doesn’t contain any latent sense. When we talk about Veps, Selkups, Kamchadals or Lakzah as the “minor people” – it is nothing less than pejorative characteristic, but it is just established term and nothing more.

Now further. To appear (to rebel) against someone is simple and easy. It’s much harder to appear (to rebel) in the name of something. The nationalistic appearances alone, as a rule, may be expressed by the phrase, which has once become as the title of the animation: “Baba Yaga is against!” But what is she against? The practice shows that it isn’t important now – “roaring brother, roaring!”…
And now on the rise wave of the national consciousness, the cloudy foam of protest is blown. The protest is “against”, but never the one is “in the name of”. After all so called “minor nations” can’t pretend to creation of its own state – for this purpose at least two factors must be present: some low limit of the quantity of the territory citizens and the economic possibility to exist independently. Meanwhile, the nationalistic splashes appear here and there across the territory of our country. Where do they come from?

… As much as we had not cradled ourselves with a tale that upon completion of the “cold war” everyone would like us and that in the relations with the world leading countries we are in peace, the reality doesn’t want to follow this pathetic pastoral. To crack down Russia and take a hold of our treasures many want. As people say, their name is legion. And here for this legion of ill-wishers our inner national (nationalistic) factor (to be more precise the aggregate of nationalistic microfactors) just plays to the good. Because in addition to all its multi-direction activity the nationalists of all the kinds work on the common matter: they destabilize the situation inside our country.

Really take a look at that: the dissociation per the national factor in Russia is growing! The policy of the Kremlin plays one of the key roles, which indulges the “national people” in prejudice of the interests of the title nation of the country. The results of such policy we had received in 1991, however our superiors didn’t draw any conclusions from it. However it’s the replica along the strike.

Let’s be realists: nobody will invest in some project just for fun, because he got nothing else to do. In our case, some international forces exaggerate the nationalistic moods of “minor” people of our country not for their sake, unfortunate and orphaned, but they prosecute their own selfish interests. Here are only two examples. Some western large-scale politicians and financial tycoons raise the question about taking some northern deposits of Russian oil under international control and forever to push us back from the arctic shelf, with its hydrocarbon contents. The Southern religious extremists invest in the establishment in a perspective of the theistic supernational establishment from Crimea via Ciscaucasia and along Volga river – as far as the Tatarstan oil.

Here we talk about such perspective returns that the one can spend funds for Russia’s secession and shakedown. In order to reach such tempting idea all means are good.
For example, to raise the noise around the Olympics in Sochi.

We will try to simulate this situation. Let’s suppose that USA have decided to hold the Olympic games again, somewhere in Utah state or in some of the Dakotas – either the Southern Dacota or the Northern one. Suddenly some state, say Guadeloupe, raises a question that the games mustn’t be held, because some time ago Tuscaroras or Seminols were living on these lands, and that first of all the United States have to acknowledge that fact as well as to repent that their ancestors have eradicated these peoples… would you say that it is the fantasy? We could only wish for it…

One would say that the Sochi Olympics have many opponents – then it would mean that he is lying dishonestly. There are very few who purposefully strive for prohibition of the games, which are literally considered as opponents, as persons or structures. Another matter is that around it too many wishful persons are that want to feast, to gain the dividends from this epochal event. The ones would like to receive some money, while the other chase after political goals – it is not important. The other thing is important if only the Sochi games were truly cancelled, this turn of events could be very disappointing for ill-wishers, because they are opponents by word of mouth. However, for the simplicity we are going to call them opponents as before, we will keep in mind that they are demagogues objectively, which keep in mind quite different thoughts.

One of the main cards, which the opponents of the Olympics want to play - it is so called “Circassian issue”. Its essence is simple, at the same time the one is many-sided. The Circassians are one of the Adygsky ethnos people. It is considered that as a sole ethnic society the Circassian nation was formed in the end of the 1st century CE. In different periods of their history they had appeared both the allies of Moscow Empire and the opponents of the one it was as usual routine. Since XVI century the spreading of the Moscow influence has proceeded along the Caucasian crest from the East, from Astrakhan’, and at the same time the fortification of Turkey has come from the Black Sea. That’s why the Circassians had to make the choice of the behavior dominance. Naturally, the same per faith Turkey was closer to them spiritually. However the some thought in different way – it is considered that the Circassians had played the major role in forming of Tersk Cossacks. Let’s remember the Russian Circassia dukes, and that the wife of Ivan Grozniy Maria Temrukova was also of the same blood.

We have already agreed that we accept the conservative concepts in that form, which is accustomed for us to perceive, without any deep analysis of them. When we speak about the Caucasian war, we imply on the continuous sanguinary conflict, which had lasted for almost hundred years, in XVIII-XIX centuries. In reality, of course, it wasn’t like that: the intensity of the struggle within different periods was temporary, and the characters were changing, and the alliance coalitions were rehashed. It should be acknowledged that the Adygians, as well as the Circassians were ranked among the most serial enemies of the Russian expansion. When in 1859 Imam Shamil surrendered at the Russian troopes, Avaria, Chechnya and other territories of the imamate had stopped the war soon, and only the Adygian tribes and related to them ones had continued to fight. Only on May 21, 1864 on the same Krasnaya Polyana, where today the Olympic objects are being built, the parade of the Russian forces had walked on, which bespoke about the decisive victory on the organizational resistance of the persistent opponent. The governor of the territory and the commander in chief of the Caucasian army, the grand duke Mikhail Nicolaevich reviewed this parade personally.

After this the authority of the empire had delivered the ultimatum to both the Circassians and the relative to them peoples of the region: either you adopt Russian citizenship and live in peace and harmony, or here is your God and here is your way out! In other words, those who didn’t want to adopt Russian citizenship were asked to leave.

One should notice that by this time the Turkish agitators had carried the ball in the region, appealing all the Moslems to immigrate in Portu. According to the law as to the emigrants, which was issued in 1857, the Sultan had announced to emigrants the considerable privileges – it’s true that in general they had spread to those who had settled in a little populated territories of the country. Nevertheless, the striving for place change had embraced the masses. In 1858 on the territory of the Ciscaucasia about 573 thousands Adygians had lived, and by 1866 on the territory of Kuban region only 79.5 thousand of them had remained. So, around half million of people had sailed for fortune overseas. They had remained in history as Muhajiruns.

Alone the process of the Adygians event had turned out for them a big tragedy. In fact, both sides were interested in fast conclusion of this process – both Russian and Turkey. The St. Petersburg strived to get rid of rebellious highlanders, which on their own were the factor that destabilized the situation in the region, and the sultanic divan had wished to place them along the border with Armenia, in the Syrian Desert and in orthodox Bulgaria, that is to say in places where the Turks themselves didn’t really wish to settle… However, surprisingly, the flow of the refugees turned out to be numerous. The Russia had chartered a few ships for their transportation. Among refugees the gossip had spread that these ships will transport them to Novorossiysk instead of Istanbul, where they all will be joined to the army – as a result they had strongly declined the use of the safe transport. And the same time the Osmands – the owners of small boats, longing to earn on this large-scale campaign, had taken people on board in numbers that exceeded greatly the allowed norms, as a result of what sometimes they rolled over… In addition, the winter of 1862-1863 turned out to be very cold, surprising thousands of people in unequipped temporary camps. So, the aspiration to emigrate cost life for many Adygians. However, the Turkish coast had met the refugees by no means of manna from heavens. They were settled in camps, which weren’t designed for living in large numbers of people, though they had to live in these camps a year or two. It was the place, where the death had found its pickings…

In one word, this event had taken many lives. However the descendants of that settlers, who were succeeded in living through all this experience, today live in many countries of the world. Since that time the Adyghe (Circassian) diaspora abroad of Russia is accounted some millions of people.

Those opponents of Sochi Olympiad that were under discussing above, place their bets on above mentioned diaspora. In particular, their leaders apprise issue regarding the territory on which there will be Olympic games held, they say that historically this territory belongs to their people, and that is why they do not allow to use it to carry out this world sports event. Where they find the best support of Georgian leader Mikhail Saakashvili, who plays the role of ensign (i.e. banner bearer) of Sochi-2014 cohort opponents.

What are the “counter” arguments that followers of the Circassian counter-Olympic lobby put forward? There are a lot of them, and there is no need to talk about all of them – because, who is interested in it will find the appropriate information very easily. But there are some that I would like to talk about. The one thing, when the question is about ecology. Actually, the climate changes are going on and it is the subject that makes us to look about. The equilibrium of the surrounding us nature is very fragile. In these conditions, it would be undesirable that Olympic Games would encourage further deterioration of the ecologic state in the Caucasus region. We wish to believe that specialists thought out and calculated this whole problem in complex. The fact that glaciers and frost hat of the Caucasus will suffer from damage is known for sure, it is obviously. It is left for us to hope that such damage won’t be excessive and the consequences of its active exploitation won’t turn out to be inconvertible.

There again, the damage of the coast line. The “Greens” alarming that uncontrollable gathering of the ballast stone will lead to the destruction of the coast, and in such manner it will lead to the destruction of the unique black-sea coasts. Well, the concernment of the representatives of the Adygeis, the Circassian and of other peoples of these regions can be understood.

There is also another circumstance, the conversation about which is seemed to be reasonable. However, there is a need to mention such nuance. The opponents of the Sochi Olympiad are quite different per their composition. There are the orthodox that are similar ones to the “Baba-Yaga”, mentioned above. But there are also reasonable ones that do not deny the idea totally, but they criticize it in particularly.

Well, then these reasonable think that allotted assets for the preparation of the Olympiad could serve more effectively for the region at large, but they are not used rationally. For example, the whole region would win if within the frames of preparation to the Olympic Games the transport network were cardinally modernized all over the region. It would provide the great push to the development of the tourism in the regions of the North Caucasus, where the question of the unemployment is very vexed.

Another subject. The Circassian activists struggle for including into the culture program of the Olympic Games some elements of their national culture. Indeed, why not do that?
… So, there are questions per which it is possible to conduct the dialogue with the leaders of the Circassian anti-Olympic movement. But, for the orthodox part of this movement it is not enough. Because they use the verbal casuistry only with one aim, to attract the world sociality to themselves… And if to be more precise one – in order to kick Russia once again.

For example, the activists of the public organization “Circassian congress” pull out their conditions: Something like, the Circassians will support the Olympiad only if the problem of this nation will be resolved. What can be said here?.. The statement is load, but the one looks irresponsibly.

…You can’t rewrite the history. Each one of us (I mean both separate people and nations at large) is the carrier of the both achievement freight and our forefathers sins. It is necessary to build relations on the today basis, and not on the “Ochakov times” one. The Circassians that live abroad of Russia (there are about 5-7 million of them) do not put the question as to the historical motherland returning – anybody does not create any longstops in this question. But instead they struggle for the formation of the new subject on the territory of the Russian Federation – the Great Circassian that would unite all land on which the Circassians and their kindred nations live. However, they didn’t find themselves interested in the opinion of the Kabardinians, the Balkarians, the Karachays and the others ones. And once again: what is the interrelation between the Olympic Games and the administrative borders remaking inside Russia?

And as for now – the main argument provided against the Olympiad. It happened to be that way that the main Olympic objects are located on the territory of the “Krasnaya Polyana”, where exactly 150 years ago before 2014, the blood splitting fights were and in the result of which the resistance of the most irreconcilable part of the Highlanders was broken-down. The “Games on the bones” it was called in the haste by the orthodox-nationalists.

What can be said in this situation? Unfortunately, the human history it is the history of wars. Apparently, it’s impossible to find a spot all over the earth that wasn’t covered by the blood of the fighters before. The “Krasnaya Polyana”– is not an exception. Besides the people both sides were killed. By the calculation of the historians within the period united under the concept the “Caucasian war”, on the territory from Caspian Sea to Black one more than one million people fell.

I didn’t get the chance to visit both Sochi and “Krasnaya Polyana”. I don’t know, if there are monuments and communal graves for the fallen people in that war … If they are, I don’t think that someone will start destroying them, rip them off the earth – in any case the times is today quite different. Which means that the memory of the fallen wouldn’t be hurt.

…Let’s be realistic. The Olympic Games of 2014 will be in Sochi – this question has been solved already and it’s hardly probable that there will be something that could baffle it. However, this circumstance can’t call off the bare fact of the “Circassian factor” presence in this issue. Different thing that it is our inner concern and we must solve it ourselves without the interference of the foreign “patriots”. And Mikhail Saakashvili is not related to here at all – the results of his aspirations to solve the problems of “minor nations” we had the chance to see in August of 2008, so his fussiness in the “Circassian question” has no proper impression.
 

Viewed : 1889   Commented: 2

Author: Николай Бакланов

Publication date : 25 June 2011 11:14

Source: The world and we

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